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A Biographical Dictionary of Major Economists, — and was first published in by Wheatsheaf. The choice of this particular title for the book by the then-editors Mark Blaug and Paul Sturges begged two fundamental questions.
While there are many possible definitions of an economist the one chosen from the outset of the volume, after due consideration, is someone whose work is published in one of the hundreds of refereed journals of economics.
It was Interfuel competition phd dissertations that this is unfair to the many dedicated teachers of economics who publish little or nothing, to business and government economists whose writings are rarely published, and to economists working for international agencies whose writings frequently remain anonymous.
The choice of the publication criterion, however, was dictated by the prior choice of eminence in economics. But who is to judge high standing as compared with others? Presumably, none other than members of the peer group, which is to say that eminent or major economists are those who receive prizes and honorary degrees, are nominated and elected to offices in professional associations of economists, and who are frequently cited in the writings of other economists.
In fact, we may virtually reduce the concept of eminence to frequency of citations, because the number of times particular economists are footnoted in journal articles over a period of years has been shown to be highly correlated with the award of Nobel prizes, with election to offices in leading professional associations, and with differences in salaries earned see for example, Quandt, ; Bordo and Landau, ; Grubel, ; Hamermesh et al.
There are good reasons why scholars cite the works of other scholars. Nothing is as fundamental to science as the notion that scientific knowledge is public and freely available to all: The practice of citing authorities is therefore an attempt to provide incentives to intellectual pioneers by giving public recognition to their priority claims.
For that reason all scientific communities develop informal mechanisms for penalising individuals who, in effect, infringe the property rights of others by failing to acknowledge their influences and sources of inspiration.
Nevertheless, this informal mechanism operates imperfectly, and citation practices are frequently abused: In consequence, all living economists in this dictionary have been selected on the grounds that they are frequently cited by their colleagues.
Using citation counts for the year period, —80, from roughly economics journals listed in the Social Sciences Citation Index SSCI as the main criterion for selecting the names of economists to be included, the first edition Blaug and Sturges, contains biographical and bibliographical details of approximately living and dead economists.
For the first edition the objective citation criterion for selection was supplemented by an informal count of citation frequencies in missing European and Asian journals and by adding a sprinkling of names of economists whose works are rarely cited but whose outstanding achievements in advising policymakers in business and government are widely acknowledged.
Using citation counts from the SSCI for the year period, —83, the volume contains details on roughly living and dead economists. For the third edition the enumeration period of citation counts was moved forward to a 13year period, —96, and the volume contains biographical and bibliographical details on roughly living and over dead economists.
In the latter case the entries for the over dead economists carried forward from the second edition were written by Mark Blaug on the basis of standard sources, while those of roughly the economists whose appeared in the second edition but who died in the year gap between publication of the second and third editions were written by the economists themselves before their death.
Apart from moving the period of citation counts forward to articles published in the year period, — previous editions of this dictionary used the method of citation frequencies over a given period irrespective of the year in which articles were publishedthe main change is to exclude anyone who died before 31 December Once we had obtained authored frequencies of articles published between and using EconLit, having experimented with different weights based on the impact factor of different journals Laband and Piette,a rank order of economists by citation frequencies for those authored articles was produced using the SSCI Institute for Scientific Information-ISI-Web of Science.
The rank order of economists by citation frequencies revealed a number of natural breaks, one of which occurred around the number Hence, we ended up with authors identified for inclusion, of which some were new names PREFACE ix not found in the third edition of the book.Analysis of the Link between Crude Oil and Staple Food Prices and Its Implications on Developing Countries - Katharina Averdunk - Doctoral Thesis / Dissertation - Politics - International Politics - Topic: Globalization, Political Economics - Publish your bachelor's or .
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