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Poe never met face-to-face.
More importantly, however, the two writers are inseparably linked because of the style of their works. Both Hawthorne and Poe wrote about the human condition and human nature in a way that few other writers of the time period did.
To both Hawthorne and Poe, humanity was an evil creature, perpetually plagued with sin, guilt, and morbidity.
The first time we can prove that one author was aware of the other was fairly late in both of their careers. That is significant, of course: Hawthorne is purity itself. His tone is singularly effective — wild, plaintive, thoughtful, and in full accordance with his themes… Upon the whole we look upon him as one of the few men of indisputable genius to whom our country has as yet given birth.
The article is a mix of review and a personal essay on literary theory. Though it is not all laudatory, the article has plenty of praise for Hawthorne. He writes in August Poe even planned to use Hawthorne as a regular contributor for his dream project, a monthly journal to be named The Stylus.
Hawthorne was asked to write for its first issue, in fact. Despite planning this project for years, it never came to be. His collection Mosses from an Old Manse had been published and he alerted Poe in anticipation of a review.
I care for nothing but the truth; and shall always much more readily accept a harsh truth, in regard to my writings, than a sugared falsehood.
I might often — and often do — dissent from your opinions in the latter capacity, but could never fail to recognize your force and originality, in the former. He made the mistake of moving, of all places, to Concord. Hawthorne was living in the Old Manse, the former home of Ralph Waldo Emerson, in the tow known as the center of the Transcendental movement.
Poe concludes his review of Mosses from an Old Manse: Like an honest woman, he has always succeeded in keeping himself from being made the subject of gossip. He does not believe in the presence of evil, even as the devil stands before him, and dies because of it.
Poe, of course, would not have known that even Hawthorne had a problem with the Transcendentalists too. Both Poe and Hawthorne disagreed with the reform mentality of the Transcendental movement.
Hawthorne believed reforms were ineffective and the reformers dangerous.
He was a Southern writer, after all, raised in Virginia with family in Baltimore. The Transcendentalists were at one end of the spectrum in the Romantic movement, based on a natural progression of the Romantic notions of individuality and personal experience. The British Romantics like Coleridge and Wordsworth inspired the minds of Concord particularly because of their focus on the individual mind and the connection to nature.
Individualism, a connection to nature, natural beauty, and a positive outlook on life. The opposite side — the dark side — is what was represented by Poe and Hawthorne. Poe and Hawthorne were unofficial allies in a very small literary movement known as Dark Romanticism, the antithesis of the Romantic ideals that reached their ultimate form in Transcendentalism.
Like the Romantics, Hawthorne and Poe emphasized the individualism and imagination of the writers based on their passions, intuition, and emotions. Poe and Hawthorne, however, did not come up with the same optimism, nor did they find the beauty of nature or of humanity.
Instead, they saw the negative side and created literary worlds plagued by guilt, fear, sin, and morbidity. The Scarlet Letter does not depict Romantic optimism and instead shows a world of secrets and revenge. His focus on the painting causes him to neglect his wife and, as he finishes the life-like portrait, the main character realizes his wife is dead.This course was created by Rebecca Epperly Wire.
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You can say thank you to her with a gift. Please review the FAQs and contact us if you find a problem. Credits: 1 Recommended: 10th, 11th, 12th (This is typically the 11th grade course.) Prerequisite: Literature. Search and browse our historical collection to find news, notices of births, marriages and deaths, sports, comics, and much more.
A glance backward reveals the fact that Brainerd has experienced some very severe setbacks, a condition quite natural in a railroad town.
The Jay Cooke failure of left the little city flat on its back. “The Fall of the House of Usher” by Poe and “Young Goodman Brown” by Hawthorne are two stories in gothic literature that have very similar tones and authors who lived with psychological pain on a daily basis.
Apache/ (Red Hat) Server at plombier-nemours.com Port PART I. History of Britain's First Opium Wars.
Introduction This is the setting for what follows below: narcotics are pouring in from abroad through a well-organized, efficient group of smugglers.