Rather, I tried to indicate key moments that had an impact on the contemporary or future relations between the two nations. I also tried to identify international events that would also affect the relations. For more information and detail, please see the list of sources.
At the helm were military leaders such as General Francisco Franco, who were conservatives in all essential respects.
When the civil war ended, Franco was so deeply entrenched that the Falange stood no chance; in this strongly authoritarian regime, there was no room for political opposition.
The Falangea fascist party formed during the Republic, soon transformed itself into the framework of reference in the Movimiento Nacional.
Authoritarianism[ edit ] The main point of those scholars who tend to consider the Spanish State to be authoritarian rather than fascist is that the FET-JONS were relatively heterogeneous rather than being an ideological monolith.
Franco was also the focus of a personality cult which taught that he had been sent by Divine Providence to save the country from chaos and poverty.
University students seeking democracy revolted in the late s and early s, which was repressed by the grises. Like others at the time, Franco evinced a concern about a possible Masonic and Judaic conspiracy against his regime.
Franco continued to personally sign all death warrants until just months before he died despite international campaigns requesting him to desist. Bullfighting and flamenco  were promoted as national traditions, while those traditions not considered Spanish were suppressed. All cultural activities were subject to censorship and many were forbidden entirely, often in an erratic manner.
This cultural policy relaxed over time, most notably in the late s and early s. Franco was reluctant to enact any form of administrative and legislative decentralisation and kept a fully centralized form of government with a similar administrative structure to that established by the House of Bourbon and General Miguel Primo de Rivera y Orbaneja.
These structures were modelled after the centralised French state. As a result of this type of governance, government attention and initiatives were irregular and often depended more on the goodwill of government representatives than on regional needs. Thus inequalities in schooling, health care or transport facilities among regions were patent: Franco eliminated the autonomy granted by the Second Spanish Republic to the regions and abolished the centuries-old fiscal privileges and autonomy the fueros in two of the three Basque provinces: Guipuzcoa and Biscaywhich were officially classified as "traitor regions".
Franco also used language politics in an attempt to establish national homogeneity. Despite Franco himself being Galician, the government revoked the official statute and recognition for the BasqueGalician and Catalan languages that the Second Spanish Republic had granted them for the first time in the history of Spain.
The legal usage of languages other than Spanish was forbidden: The use of any other language was forbidden in schools, advertising, religious ceremonies and on road and shop signs. Publications in other languages were generally forbidden, though citizens continued to use them privately.
During the late s, these policies became more lenient yet non-Castilian languages continued to be discouraged and did not receive official status or legal recognition.RESPECTED HISTORIAN RALF GEORG REUTH ARGUES THAT HITLER may have had a ‘real’ reason to hate the Jews.
Noted for his breadth of knowledge on World Wars I and II and its prominent figures, German historian Reuth has enjoyed much acclaim for his numerous books covering the World Wars era.
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